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Showing posts from May, 2020

The Trained Bands

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As I was about to post about the Tower Hamlet's Regiment of the London Trained Bands, and about to go down my usual ranty rabbit hole about coat colours I thought it better to write a general post about Trained Bands. This got out of hand a little and became the coat colours series, without even touching upon the Trained Bands. When I first started my ECW project I took at face value lots of information from what I believed to be 'trusted' sources. Which is why my original Tower Hamlet's Regiment wore red coats and carried the 'wrong' flag. They were quickly given the correct flag, but the red coat issue was slowly nagging me. They have since been rechristened John Birch's, and the Tower Hamlets LTB has been raised anew.

This post also constitutes Coat Colours Part 5

Part 1 Parliamentarian coat colours
Part 2 Royalist coat colours
Part 3 Scots coat colours
Part 4 Dragoons, Horse and the New Model Army coat colours

...and Flags Part 1b.

Flags Part 1
Flags Part 2

Lord Hopton's Regiment of Foot

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We've already met Lord Hopton and his Regiment of Horse, so if you'd like to find out a little bit more about Lord Hopton, and his friendship across the lines of battle with Sir William Waller have a look at my entry for his Regiment of Horse.


Hopton's Foot were raised around Bristol in 1643. It is believed that they took place in the storm of Bristol in July of that year. Parts of the Regiment took part in the siege of Gloucester, a skirmish at Stow, First Newbury and the standoff at Farnham.

The full Regiment fought at Cheriton, Cropredy Bridge, Lostwithiel, Second Newbury and the relief of Donnington.


In 1645 it is thought that they besieged Taunton, took part in the battle of Langport, were besieged at Bristol, and possibly besieged at Lacock House. Their last actions were at Torington and Pendennis Castle.

Richard Symonds recorded the Regiment as wearing blue coats and carrying red flags with white five pointed stars as devices.



The Regiment is re-enacted by Lord Hopton…

Colonel Wardlaw's Regiment of Dragoons

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Due to the continuing lockdown for the global pandemic, instead of writing more #ECWtravelogue entries, my attention has once again turn to units that appeared, briefly, at the dawn of this blog. Keeps me sane; and, judging by the surge in viewing figures (got another follower- woohoo!), I hope it is entertaining everyone stuck at home.

Today's spotlight falls upon Colonel James Wardlaw, and his Regiment of Dragoons.


James was a Scot who began his military career fighting for Gustavus Adolphus. He was sent, with several other Scots officers, to Russia where they were tasked with reforming the Russian army to  western European standards. This led to him being part of the Russian army that besieged Smolensk in 1634. He returned to Scotland in 1641 with the intention of joining the Covenanter cause, but his ship was blown off course to Newcastle. He was arrested and sent to prison in York, where he served four months in jail. Upon release he was employed by the Earl of Essex, where a…

Coat Colours Part 4: Others - NMA, Dragoons & Horse

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Welcome to part 4 of my coat colours series. I had originally planned to write blog entries on the New Model Army, Regiments of Dragoons, and Regiments of Horse but, as you'll see those pages would be pretty sparse and barren.

Those of you looking for information on the Trained Bands see here.




Part 1 Parliamentarian coat colours
Part 2 Royalist coat colours
Part 3 Scots coat colours
and information about the Trained Bands


And if you are stuck wondering how to convert this information into what colours to use and what model paint colours, the links might help you start.

 New Model Army Regiments of Foot

Artillery Guard of the New Model Army Tawny lined White (National Archive SP28/29/209)

Sir Thomas Fairfax Red lined blue all other coats references for other regiments are just ‘red’

On paper all of the NMA Regiments of Foot were issued red coats in 1645, in reality it would be very hard to pinpoint exactly when the NMA regiments actually received their coats.

The regiments were dist…

Colonel Christopher Copley's Regiment of Horse

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Copley's was a Parliamentarian Regiment of Horse serving with Lord Fairfax’s army of the Northern Association. Raised in 1643 they fought at Adwalton Moor, within a couple of months they were transferred from being an independent troop to one of the troops of Thomas Fairfax's Regiment of Horse. By April 1644 Copley was made Colonel of his own Regiment of Horse - it is unknown if his original troop formed the basis of this new Regiment or if they were a completely separate unit. This 'new' regiment besieged York, fought at Marston Moor, continued besieging York, and fought at the Battle of Pontefract.



Then it gets a little confusing. It is thought that Fairfax's and Constable's Regiments of Horse were reduced into Copley's Regiment. It appears to have been the case in a number of regional armies that 1645 saw a reduction in the number of regiments either through disbanding or merger. This was partly as a result of the self-denying-ordinance and partly as a mea…

Sir William Waller’s Regiment of Horse

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The spotlight falls upon Sir William Waller's Regiment of Horse.

Raised in 1642, it'll come as no surprise that they were stalwarts of the Southern Association, and wherever Sir William went... his Regiments were sure to follow.


They took Portsmouth early in 1642 for Parliament; fought at Edgehill, present at Turnham Green, stormed Farnham Castle and Winchester, took Arundel Castle, besieged  Chichester, and that's just what they got upto in 1642.


Stormed Malmesbury; fought at Highnam; helped take Monmouth, Chepstow and Ross on Wye; fought at Ripple Dean (a very overlooked battle it must be said); siege of Hereford; siege of Worcester; skirmishing at Chewton Mendip, Beckington, Leigh and Monckton Farleigh; battle of Lansdown; siege of Devizes; more skirmishing at Beckhampton and possibly Andover too; Roundway Down; Basing House; Alton Church; siege of Arundel; Cheriton; Newbury skirmishing; Cropredy Bridge; lots more skirmishing; back to Basing House; Second Newbury then h…

Coat Colours Part 3: The Scots

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The latest instalment of the coat colours series looks at the Scots Covenanters. A set of coat colours that you can really go wild with the colour palette. Or maybe not. 

Part 1 Parliamentarian coat colours
Part 2 Royalist coat colours
Part 4 Dragoons, Horse and the New Model Army coat colours
and information about the Trained Bands


The too long didn't read answer is: paint it Hodden Grey. 

Here's a list of regiments that have a reference for coats being issued - those coats issued, were 'probably Hodden Grey'. 

Those regiments with a specific reference to Hodden Grey are described as 'Hodden Grey'. There are a handful of regiments who, wait for it, quite possibly didn't wear Hodden Grey. 

Highland Regiments invariably wore highland dress - I've listed a couple of units that don't specifically have 'Highlanders' in their regimental title. 

The phrase 'highland dress' will of course get a number of people very hot under the collar; suffice it…