A Regiment of Foot
The question arises, what did a Regiment of Foot actually look like? As wargamers we happily put a collection of thirty figures together and call it a 'regiment'. How many men were in a 'regiment' in real life? I'll try and have a go...
One of the problems that arises with the English Civil Wars/ British Civil Wars/ Wars of Three Kingdoms is the use of language and terminology. Many military terms start becoming more widespread in their use. We start coming across uniforms, regiments, companies, and battalia. From our standpoint in the 21st Century we have very specific views of what these terms mean; but in the 17th Century such terms, like spellings, had not been standardised. Throw into the mix large holes in our knowledge, due to a lack of records and documentation, and the best we can ever hope to achieve is a 'best guess'. With these caveats I set out on my quest.
Red Regiment - 1000 approx.
White Regiment - 1190
Yellow Regiment - 1024
Blue Regiment - 1000 approx.
Green Regiment - 863
Tower Hamlets Regiment - 1304
Westminster Regiment - 2018
Southwark Regiment - 1394
Green Auxiliaries - 1200 estimated
White Auxiliaries - 1000 estimated
Yellow Auxiliaries - 1000 estimated
Red Auxiliaries - 1000 estimated
Blue Auxiliaries - 1000 estimated
Orange Auxiliaries - 1000 estimated
How were they organised?
Regiments were organised in companies, Keith Roberts (writing in London & Liberty)describes the theoretical strengths of companies, but unfortunately does not provide the reference.
Colonel's Company - 200 men
Lieutenant Colonel's Company - 160 men
Sergeant-Major's Company - 140 men
A Captain's Company - 100 men
This gives an 'ideal' regiment of a colonel's, lieutenant-colonel, sergeant-major, and five captains' companies a strength of 1000 men. This fits with the figures for the London Trained Bands: we know that some regiments had more than five captains' companies. Westminster is a double strength regiment (as were Newcastle's, Manchester's Regiments amongst others).
Utilising Venn and Streeter's Plan of Naseby I have laid the regiment out in classic central pike block with two wings of musketeers. I have utilised the 'ideal' of 2:1 musket to pike ratio. An ideal that was probably more aspired to than ever actually achieved (at least until the New Modelled Army came into existence).
Ensigns, senior officers and drummers are centrally placed at the head of the pike block, other officers are arranged around the regiment. This regiment is probably a little too deep, again constraints of the kitchen table size I'm afraid.