Battle of Winnington Bridge, 19th August 1659
|Sir George Booth|
Richard Cromwell has resigned as Lord Protector due to pressure from the Grandees of the New Model Army. The Rump Parliament has been reinstated. Meanwhile John Mordaunt, and the Sealed Knot have been trying to incite Royalist rebellions.
The planned uprisings were all pretty much nipped in the bud thanks to a combination of incompetence and lack of coordination (on the Royalist side), and the good fortune of intercepting the plans (on the Parliamentarian side).
Only one such rebellion gained any real traction. Sir George Booth of Dunham Massey, former Parliamentarian commander of Nantwich garrison, and brother-in-law of Lord Grey of Groby, was to lead the Cheshire rising. Booth appears to have considered cancelling the whole thing at the eleventh hour, but as the planned day of rising fell on a Sunday, many Presbyterian clergy had called on their congregations to join him. Men were already being assembled and arms gathered, giving the leaders little choice but to continue; Booth mustered several hundred supporters at Warrington. He advanced towards Chester, assembling at Rowton Heath where more men joined him. On entering Chester, the city gates were wide open, the garrison commander had locked himself away in Chester Castle, and more men flocked to Booth's cause. Booth's men now numbered nearly 4000.Booth marched for Manchester intending to make his way to York which, it was believed, would also surrender to him.